The Edo State House of Assembly has always been in the news since June 17, 2019 when 11 out of the 24 members- elect were inaugurated by the clerk, Alhaji Yahaya Ogmogbai.
The Assembly was inaugurated after Governor Godwin Obaseki issued a proclamation letter to the clerk, amid crisis.
The 24 seats in the House of Assembly were won by the All Progressives Congress (APC), a feat that has not been achieved in the state since 1999.
The crisis rocking the APC in Edo State and the state House of Assembly emanated from the primary election to pick the party’s candidates for the 2019 general elections, following the supremacy battle between the national chairman of the party, Comrade Adams Oshiomhole and his political ‘godson’, Governor Obaseki.
The state party executive, it was gathered, had concluded the state House of Assembly’s primary election. But the national leadership of the party cancelled the primary and held a fresh one, in which the national chairman was alleged to have hand-picked majority of the Assembly’s members-elect.
After the state Assembly’s election, the supremacy battle between the ‘godfather’ and ‘godson’ rekindled as the two key political figures wanted to produce the Speaker.
Oshiomhole wanted a former Speaker and Deputy Speaker, Victor Edoro while Governor Obaseki preferred Frank Okiye, also from the same senatorial district with Edoro.
Daily Trust on Sunday learnt that the state executive of the party met and picked the leadership of the House with Okiye emerging as the preferred Speaker. After the meeting, 16 members-elect said the decision was not binding on them.
The state party chairman, Aslem Ojezua, said the party leadership and other stakeholders in the state had a meeting with members-elect and a decision was taken on the leadership of the House without any objection.
Ojezua said, “We were surprised when the members-elect later said they were not in agreement with the decision unanimously reached during the meeting.”
Thereafter, 16 members-elect, who were dissatisfied with the development, held a press conference and urged the governor to issue a proclamation letter for the inauguration of the House, saying he could not force leaders on them.
Notably, the governor issued a proclamation letter to the clerk of the House after the members-elect’s briefing and nine members-elect were inaugurated. Two other lawmakers were inaugurated few days later, bringing the number to 11.
The 13 members-elect, who had not been inaugurated, described the swearing in ceremony of the 11 legislators as ‘nocturnal inauguration.’ They relocated to Abuja and called for a fresh inauguration of the House.
They approached the National Assembly to intervene by asking the state governor to issue a fresh proclamation, a request the governor declined, on the basis that he could not issue two proclamations for one House. The governor accused the National Assembly of doing the bidding of the APC national chairman.
Last month, the crisis in the House took a new dimension as the seats of the 12 members-elect, who had refused to come for inauguration, were declared vacant by the Speaker, Okiye.
The concerned members-elect, whose seats were declared vacant were Uhiagbe Dumez (Ovia North-East constituecy I); Vincent Uwadiae (Ovia North- East constituency II); Washington Osifo (Uhunmwode constituency); Michael Ohio (Ezomo-Owan West constituency); Victor Edoro (Esan Central constituency) and Kingsley Ugabi (Etsako East constituency).
Others are Sunday Aghedo (Ovia South-West constituency); Crosby Eribo (Egor Ego constituency); Oshamah Ahmed (Etsako Central), Gani Audu (Etsako West constituency I); Seidu Oshiomhole (Etsako constituency II) and Chris Okaeben (Oredo West constituency).
The Speaker also declared the seats of two lawmakers vacant – Uyi Ekhosuehi (Oredo East constituency) and Henry Okaka, representing Owan East constituency – for abandoning plenary for six months after the inauguration of the Assembly.
While declaring their seats vacant, the Speaker said the 12 members-elect defiantly refused to process the necessary documentation as part of the condition for their inauguration while the others did not meet the mandatory sitting requirement.
Okiye said the House declared their seats vacant in accordance with Section 109, sub section 1F of the constitution, and urged the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to conduct a by-election in the affected constituencies within 90 days.
Meanwhile, the spokesperson of the concerned members-elect, Osifo, said the House didn’t have the power to declare their seats vacant.
“Our seats were not occupied because we are challenging them in court. We have been in court since June and no position was taken on it. The court forbids any party to the case to do anything on the matter before it. That is the position of the law. Whatever step the House took as it relates to declaring our seats vacant is a nullity, just the same way the inauguration of the House on June 17, 2019 was illegal.
Reacting to the new twist, with regard to the call for a by-election, a constitutional lawyer, Olayiwola Afolabi said, “If we are to talk legally, the plan is in the right direction because there is a judgement by a Federal High Court in Port Harcourt which declared that the House was properly inaugurated, and no other superior court has set aside the judgement.”
“Section 108, subsection 1F of the constitution states clearly that a member of the House of Assembly shall vacate his or her seat if, without just course, he is absent from meetings of the Assembly for a period amounting to the aggregate of more than one third of the total number of days they met in any given year.
“Legally, the Speaker is right because there is a judgement from the Supreme Court that if a member fails to come to the House for a certain number of months, the Speaker can declare the seat vacant, and once there is communication from the Speaker to the INEC, they can conduct a by-election for the seat. When you take it from the Port Harcourt Federal High Court, that settled the matter,” he also said.
He recalled that the embattled members-elect had not even come to the House for inauguration, let alone sit in the chamber.
“I think what we need to talk about is how to settle the matter and work for the state. I will advise the lawmakers to come back. For now, there is no court barring them from coming for inauguration, and if they come to the House today, the Speaker will inaugurate them,” he added.
He said the crisis rocking Assembly arose from ego between the national chairman and Governor Obaseki. He also recalled that when Chief John Odigie-Oyegun was the national chairman of the APC, there was no Assembly crisis in the state.
He pleaded with Oshiomhole to cooperate with Obaseki, adding that he nominated the governor among many other candidates because he believed in him.
Some lawyers, however, said the action against the embattled members-elect of the Assembly was determined outside the provisions of the constitution.
Speaking to Daily Trust on Sunday, the lawyers advised the affected lawmakers to challenge their case before a court of law.
E.M.D Umukoro said the procedure stipulated in Section 109 of the constitution, which listed circumstances that would get a legislator disqualified from occupying his/her seat, did not exist in Edo, except for paragraph F, which provides that such member would vacate his seat if, “without just cause’’ he is absent from meetings of the state legislature for a period of 1/3 of the total number of meeting days in a given year.”
Umukoro explained that the procedure is that the Speaker shall give effect to the said provision “so long as he, or a member presents evidence satisfactory to the House that any of the items has become applicable with respect to any of the member.”
Hamid Ajibola Jimoh also said the action of the House did not comply with the rules, and that was why the INEC refused to conduct the by-election. He added that the matter is now a subject for the courts.
“The INEC, in its reaction, maintained that it is bound by the provisions of Section 109 of the 1999 constitution, which stipulates those conditions or grounds for by-election to be conducted in the State House of Assembly; therefore, there is no action or by-election conducted by INEC.
“I totally, I agree with the INEC on its position. Also, considering the careful use of the constitution while using ‘vacate’ in Section 109(1), which in my humble view, means that for a legislator to vacate his seat means that he was duly elected in the first place. So, suspension in my view, is not enough to compel their vacation of their constitutional seats in the House yet,” he said.
The APC national chairman had, at different occasions, called the inauguration of the Edo Assembly an illegality.
Last year, Oshiomhole insisted that Okiye was not the Speaker as he would not close his eyes to ‘illegal decisions and actions’ capable of derailing the nation’s democracy.
The APC boss, who said he could not support ‘illegality’ to make Governor Obaseki happy, however, added that he had no personal quarrel with him.
He said that to produce the Speaker of the House, the governor should have lobbied the 24 members, who are all members of the APC.
He said inaugurating the House at 9:30pm with nine members was a rape of the country’s democracy.